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Thesaurus FrenchCropUsage (FCU)

FrenchCropUsage is a french thesaurus of types of crops, organized according to their destination (direct human food, animal feed, food industry, etc) and the type of culture system (field crop, market gardening, etc.). This thesaurus represents the French point of view. It is based on the definition of "Larousse Agricole" and french agricol wikipedia. some links to these sources are included in the thesaurus. This thesaurus is described on AgroPortal and FAIRsharing.

DOI CROPUSAGE; French Crop Usage; DOI: 10.25504/FAIRsharing.9228fv; Last edited: May 21, 2018, 3:59 p.m.; Last accessed: May 28 2018 1:55 p.m.


The thesaurus is available on the Agroportal repository

Thesaurus Visualization

FrenchCropUsage has several versions

The version created during the D2KAB project (2019-2023) is available at

The version created during the vespa project (2013- 2016) of FrenchCropUsage thesaurus is visible in different ways:

  • dynamic version: The thesaurus hierarchy can be extended or retracted to facilitate navigation. A query is automatically generated to query the archive of agricultural bulletin when cliking on (a).
  • static version: This version presents the whole hierarchy. This version was created using the tool skos play from Sparna (Thomas Francart). a new instance of skos play was installed on our server at
  • version dévelopment: This version is adapted to development and update. This is a static visualization showing the element that invalid constraints. This version works on a test thesaurus containing errors. This visualization is produced by corese engine, sparql queries and STTL templates.

Access to SPARQL End Point

Latest version (D2KAB research project)

SPARQL resquests can be done on It can be accessed with a SPARQL client or with a web browser.

Old version (Vespa research project)

Query example

List of 100 concepts from fcu

      ?item a skos:Concept.
      } LIMIT 100

List of concepts from fcu child of vegetable crop.

?instance a skos:Concept.
?instance skos:broader* fcu:Cultures_legumieres.
?parent skos:prefLabel ?parentLabel.
ORDER BY ?instance

Access to git

Different version of fcu are available on the irstea gitlab repository

Thesaurus Development Tips

SPARQL queries set has been defined to test some constraints about thesaurus.

C. ROUSSEY, S. BERNARD. Améliorer la qualité d’un thésaurus à l’aide de requêtes SPARQL. In french workshop proceedings Recherche d'Information SEmantique (RISE 2017) adossé à la conférence IC 2017 de la Plateforme Francophone d'Intelligence Artificielle, 4 juillet 2017, Caen, 11 pages. Rise 2017 proceedings

@inproceedings{roussey_ameliorer_2017, address = {Caen}, title = {Am{\'e}liorer la qualit{\'e} d{\textquoteright}un th{\'e}saurus {\`a} l{\textquoteright}aide de requ{\^e}tes {SPARQL}}, url = {}, booktitle = {les actes du 9es atelier {Recherche} d'{Information} {SEmantique} ({RISE} 2017)}, author = {Roussey, Catherine and Bernard, Stephan}, month = jul, year = {2017}, pages = {11} }

The verification of thesaurus constraints gives the list of constraints and their translation into SPARQL queries

Add a new Crop in FCU

two possibilities :

Weather data






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